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Uyenza Kanjani I-Aluminium Curtain Wall Extrusions?

Uyenza Kanjani I-Aluminium Curtain Wall Extrusions?
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Udonga lwamakhethini ensimbi olunwetshiwe luwudonga oluncane, olunohlaka lwensimbi olugcwele ingilazi, amaphaneli ensimbi, noma itshe elilula. Ezakhiweni zanamuhla, i-aluminium iyinsimbi ethandwayo esetshenziswa kumafreyimu odonga lwamakhethini. Lokhu isakhiwo se-aluminium sohlaka lwesakhiwo ayithwali phansi kwesakhiwo noma imithwalo yophahla.  

Ngenxa yalokho, amandla adonsela phansi odongeni lwamakhethini kanye nomthwalo womoya kufinyelela ukudlula isakhiwo sokwakha, ukuvikela isakhiwo ezintweni. Ngaphezu kwalokho, izindonga ezinezinhlaka ze-aluminium zazisetshenziswa kudala njengawo-1930. Zaduma futhi zakhiwa ngokushesha ngemva kweMpi Yezwe II njengoba ukunikezwa kwe-aluminium kwakutholakala ukuze kusetshenziswe okungezona ezezempi.  

 

Izinhlobo ezahlukene ze-Curtain Wall Systems

Kukhona uhla olukhulu olutholakalayo lwamasistimu odonga lwamakhethini. Lokhu kungase kube iminikelo evamile yomkhiqizi noma izindonga ezikhethekile noma zangokwezifiso ngezidingo zephrojekthi yeklayenti ngayinye. Izindonga zangokwezifiso zincintisana kakhulu futhi zinezinhlelo ezijwayelekile zokwandisa izindawo zodonga. I-aluminium kanye ne-glass-based curtain wall systems ingafakwa ezinhlelweni ezijwayelekile noma ezenziwe ngokwezifiso. Ukubonisana nochwepheshe ekwakhiweni kodonga lwangokwezifiso kubalulekile ukufaka izinhlelo zefreyimu yamakhethini e-aluminium.  

Qhubeka ufunde ukuze uthole incazelo emfushane yezindlela ezithandwa kakhulu zokuhlanganisa udonga lwamakhethini. Izindonga zamakhethini zihlukaniswa ngokusekelwe ezindleleni zokufakwa nokwakhiwa kwazo ngale ndlela:

Izinhlelo zezinsimbi: Kulolu hlelo, ingilazi noma amanye amaphaneli a-opaque asetshenziswa ngokuwaxhuma odongeni lwamakhethini.

Izinhlelo ezihlanganisiwe: Uhlelo oluhlanganisiwe luhlanganisa izindonga zamakhethini ezihlanganisiwe nezicwebezelisiwe ezenziwe ngamayunithi amakhulu. Lezi zithunyelwa endaweni lapho kwakhiwa khona ezakhiweni. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ungakhetha phakathi kwamafreyimu e-aluminium aqondile navundlile ahlangana namamojula axhumene nawo. Ngokuvamile, amamojula azoba yindaba eyodwa ubude nemojuli eyodwa ububanzi, futhi amayunithi amaningi anobubanzi obuphakathi kwamafidi amahlanu nayisithupha.   

Izindonga zamakhethini nazo zihlukaniswa njenge:

  • Izinhlelo ezilingana nezingcindezi
  • Izinhlelo ezilawulwa amanzi

Uyenza Kanjani I-Aluminium Curtain Wall Extrusions? 1

Amasistimu ahlanganisiwe nawakhelwe ngezinti adizayinelwe ukuthi abe yingxenye yedizayini yesakhiwo njengamasistimu acwebezelayo angaphakathi noma angaphandle noma angaphakathi.  

Amasistimu acwebezelayo angaphakathi ayasiza ekufakeni ingilazi nephaneli ekhanyayo kusetshenziswa ukuvulwa kodonga lwamakhethini kusukela ngaphakathi kwesakhiwo. Ngeshwa, awutholi imininingwane eminingi yesistimu ecwebezelwe ngaphakathi ngenxa yokukhathazeka kokungena komoya kulawa masistimu.

Uma kunezithiyo ezimbalwa futhi uhlelo lokusebenza lunikeza ukufinyelela okuphelele ngaphandle kodonga lwamakhethini, ama-extrusions anobuso bangaphakathi asetshenziswa. Ukucwebezela okuphakeme kwangaphakathi kuyasiza njengoba kulula ukukufinyeleleka futhi kunokuhlelwa okuvunelekayo kokushintsha isiteji sokushwiba.  

Ezinhlelweni ezicwebezelisiwe zangaphandle, ingaphandle lesakhiwo lisetshenziswa njengesiteji sokujika, esinikeza ukufinyelela ngaphandle kwezindonga zamakhethini ukuze kushintshwe futhi kulungiswe. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ingilazi noma amaphaneli e-opaque nawo afakwa kusuka ezindongeni zamakhethini ngaphandle.  

Amasistimu odonga lwamakhethini athile acwebezelisiwe kusukela ngaphakathi nangaphandle. Ngokuvamile amashaneli afiphele afakwa nawo

  • Amapaneli wensimbi
  • Ingilazi ye-spandrel e-opacifid   
  • UTerra cotta
  • I-FRP (ipulasitiki eqiniswe ngefiber)
  • Amatshe amancane

Futhi ezinye izinto.

 

Ukusebenzisa ingilazi yokuvikela enomlayini enezinhlangothi zombili ngokuvamile kuvame ukuthola amayunithi ozimele wefasitela angashintshi noma acwebezelisiwe afakwe kumafreyimu odonga lwamawindi. Kungase kusebenze.

Izinhlobo ezehlukene zengilazi ye-Spandrel zingafakwa ingilazi. Kungaba futhi laminated noma monolithic.  

Ukusebenzisa ifilimu noma upende noma ukufakwa kwe-ceramic kusiza ukwenza ingilazi ye-spandrel i-opaque. Zisetshenziswa ezindaweni ezingacacile noma ukunikeza isikhala esivalekile nesikhala esivalekile ngemuva kwengilazi. Lokhu kwakhiwa kwebhokisi lethunzi kunikeza inkohliso yokujula futhi kufiseleka kakhulu.

 

Amapaneli wensimbi

Amaphaneli ensimbi ahlukahlukene angasetshenziselwa amaphaneli ensimbi alula, amaphaneli ensimbi ye-aluminium, noma amaphaneli enziwe ngezinye izinsimbi ezingagqwali. Lawa maphaneli azacile noma ayinhlanganisela ahlanganisa amashidi amabili e-aluminium azungeze ungqimba lwangaphakathi lwepulasitiki. Zonke lezi zingqimba zincane, okwenza iyunithi ibe lula. Ngamanye amazwi, amaphaneli ahlanganisa amashidi ensimbi anohlaka oluqinile lokwahlukanisa kanye namashidi ensimbi angakhethwa phakathi kwawo.

 

Amapaneli amatshene

Kungcono ukusebenzisa i-granite encane ukuze uthole amaphaneli amatshe. Kodwa-ke, akukhuthazwa ukusebenzisa imabula njengoba leli tshe lingashintsha ngenxa ye-hysteresis. Ngaphezu kwalokho, kuyadingeka ukuthi kube nodonga lwamakhethini oluhlanganisa ingxenye ebalulekile yesistimu yodonga lwesakhiwo. Kudingeka ukuze uthole ukuhlanganiswa okuyinkimbinkimbi nezinto ezixhumene njengezinye isisekelo sodonga ophahleni lwezindonga ukuze uthole ukufakwa okufanele.  

Uyenza Kanjani I-Aluminium Curtain Wall Extrusions? 2

Izinhlobo ezahlukene ze-Curtain Wall Systems  

Izinhlobo ezihlukahlukene ze-Aluminium curtain wall systems zihlanganisa:

  • Amakhethini odonga avaliwe ebusweni: Lezi zinikeza ukumelana nezakhi.
  • Amakhethini odonga aphethwe ngamanzi:   Banikeza amasistimu aphethwe ngamanzi anokwethenjelwa kakhulu, avikela isakhiwo emthelela oqondile womoya nemvula.
  • Amasistimu amakhethini esikrini semvula alingana nengcindezi: Amasistimu amakhethini esikrini semvula alingana nengcindezi amelana kakhulu nokungenwa kwamanzi nokungena komoya. Amasistimu wesikrini semvula esilingana nengcindezi avimba wonke amandla akwazi ukushayela amanzi eduze kwesithiyo.  

 

Amasistimu odonga lwamakhethini anezinhlelo zesikrini semvula anengilazi ohlangothini olungaphakathi lwephakethe elicwebezelayo noma i-gasket exhumayo esebenza njengesivimbeli esingangenisi umoya. Ubuso bangaphandle bengilazi bunezinto ezicwebezelayo ezihlukile, kuyilapho uhlaka lwe-aluminium oluveziwe nolwangaphandle lufana nesikrini semvula esivimba amanzi. Ngenxa yegumbi lomoya elingaphakathi nesikrini semvula sangaphandle, kwakheka igumbi lokulinganisa ingcindezi ephaketheni elicwebezelayo. Ifakazela usizo ekwehliseni ukungena kwamanzi ngokulinganisa umehluko wengcindezi nesikrini semvula, okungaholela ekugelezeni kwamanzi ngaphakathi kwesistimu. Uma inani elincane lamanzi lingena ohlelweni, livele likhale liphuma ngaphandle.   

 

Amasistimu alawulwa ngamanzi nawo anemisele futhi akhale ephaketheni elicwebezelayo. Kodwa, baneyunithi ye-spandrel engenawo umgoqo womoya, futhi inani elikhulu lamanzi liphoqeleka ohlelweni oluphuma ngokukhala. Ngenxa yokuthi awukho umoya, umehluko wengcindezi ungase wakheke phakathi kwengaphakathi nephakethe elicwebezelayo, okuphoqa amanzi ukuthi ahambe aye phezulu kunama-gaskets angaphakathi. Lokhu kungaholela ekuvuzeni. Izimbobo zokukhala kulolu hlelo zisiza ukukhipha amanzi angena ephaketheni elicwebezelayo.  

 

Kuhlelo olulinganayo nokucindezela, benza ukuvumela ukunyakaza komoya phakathi kwesikhala esiphakathi kwephakethe elicwebezelayo nengaphandle. Eminye imisebenzi ihlanganisa ukukhala kwamanzi. Ungakwazi ukukhomba kalula isistimu yamakhethini esikrini semvula esilingana nengcindezi enephakethe elicwebezelayo elingalodwa, elingangeni moya kuyunithi ngayinye yengilazi. Izivalo noma amapulaki ezikhaleni phakathi kwemigqa yokuvalwa kwesikulufu ezimpambanweni zephaneli ye-aluminium kusiza ukwenza lokhu kuzihlukanisa. Futhi, hlola eminye imininingwane, njenge:

  • AmaSpantrel
  • Ibhokisi yesithunzi

 

Isixhumi esibonakalayo esinokwakhiwa okuxhumene kufanele sibe nokuqhubeka nesivimbeli somoya nesikrini semvula ukuze kusebenze kahle kusistimu yokufaka udonga lwamakhethini esikrini semvula esilingana nengcindezi.

Amanye amasistimu odonga lwamakhethini e-aluminium aklanyelwe ukubonakala njengezindonga zokuvimbela ezivalwe ngobuso. Ngakho-ke, uzoqaphela ukuqhubeka okuphelele kwezimpawu phakathi kohlaka namayunithi engilazi ukuze kusebenze kangcono. Kodwa, izimpawu ezinjalo azikwazi ukuhlala isikhathi eside futhi, ngakho-ke, akufanele zisetshenziswe. Uma ufuna ukuthola ulwazi olwengeziwe mayelana nalokhu, sicela ukhululeke ukuxhumana nathi ku I-WJW Aluminumu

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